Output-Based Aid in Morocco (Part 1): Extending Water Services to the Poor in Urban Areas

Morocco is a middle-income country with good water infrastructure that provides access to safe drinking water and sanitation to the majority of the urban population.

In 2005, Morocco made it a priority to extend service to poor peri-urban settlements, and encouraged operators and local…

Date: 2009

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Water and Sanitation

L’Aide Basée sur les Résultats au Maroc (Partie 1) : Extension des services de l’eau aux pauvres dans les zones urbaines

Le Maroc est un pays à revenu intermédiaire doté de bonnes infrastructures dans le secteur de l’eau qui assurent l'accès à l'eau potable et aux services d’assainissement à la majorité de la population urbaine.

En 2005, le Maroc a fait de l’extension de l’accès à ces services aux…

Date: 2009

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Water and Sanitation

Output-Based Aid in Telecommunications: New Models for Universal Access in Latin America

During the 1990s many Latin American countries developed universal access programs, financed through universal service funds, to increase telecommunications access in rural and low-income areas. The mechanism most often used to allocate the funds was the minimum subsidy tender, with subsidy…

Date: 2009

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Telecommunications

Output-Based Aid in Armenia: Connecting Poor Urban Households to Gas Service

Gas-based heating offers a clean, efficient, low-cost heating solution for poor urban households in Armenia, a country with severe winters. But many low-income households cannot afford the cost of connecting to gas networks and heating facilities or the cost of heating equipment. To help these…

Date: 2009

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

GPOBA Annual Report 2009

GPOBA’s Annual Report 2009 states that output-based aid (OBA) can help improve delivery of basic infrastructure and social services to the poor, and is an approach that is “maturing” and proving to have a meaningful role both in the World Bank Group (WBG) and the wider development community.  …

Date: 2009

Type: Annual Reports

Targeting Subsidies Through Output-Based Aid

Output-based aid (OBA), or performance-based grants, can be used to help target services to the poor. Under OBA schemes, service providers are compensated only after delivery of a specified output, such as water connections, to a targeted beneficiary. In most cases that targeted beneficiary…

Date: 2008

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Other

Output-Based Aid in India: Community Water Project in Andhra Pradesh

Providing safe drinking water to poor families in the coastal area of Andhra Pradesh is critical for the economic development of the region as well as to improve health and living conditions. A community water project supported by GPOBA is increasing innovation and efficiency in the sector through…

Date: 2008

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Water and Sanitation

Output-Based Disbursements in Mexico: Transforming the Water Sector in Guanajuato

A project in the Mexican state of Guanajuato shows how tying disbursements to specific outputs can provide incentives for effective implementation of a water sector strategy. The disbursements, from pooled government and World Bank loan funds, are made against connections to safe and reliable…

Date: 2008

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Water and Sanitation

OBA20 Mexico678.28 KB

Performance-based Contracting in Health: The Experience of Three Projects in Africa

Performance-based contracting in health is an example of an output-based approach to improving health service delivery. In 2003 and 2004, GPOBA supported the design of three output-based aid (OBA) schemes using performance-based contracting in Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Rwanda…

Date: 2008

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Health

Output-Based Aid in Mongolia: Expanding Telecommunications Services to Rural Areas

Access to telecommunications services has been extremely limited in the remote and sparsely populated areas of Mongolia. Several factors have conspired against achieving universal access on a purely commercial basis—the country’s vast and challenging geography, the nomadic lifestyle of the rural…

Date: 2008

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Telecommunications

Output-based Aid in Cambodia: Getting Private Operators and Local Communities to Help Deliver Water to the Poor - The Experience to Date

The output-based aid (OBA) OBA pilot in small towns in Cambodia, funded by the World Bank, was one of the first OBA water supply pilots to be initiated. The project was initially hailed as a success, but has not to date delivered the expected results, especially in terms of private sector…

Date: 2008

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Water and Sanitation

GPOBA Annual Report 2008

Output-based aid (OBA) can increase access to basic services for the poor in developing countries and improve the delivery of services that exhibit positive externalities, such as reductions in CO2 and improvements in health, says GPOBA’s Annual Report 2008.

Date: 2008

Type: Annual Reports

Output-based Aid in Colombia: Connecting Poor Households to Natural Gas Service

Natural gas connections could bring substantial benefits to poor households in Colombia. Compared with other fuels typically used for cooking, natural gas is safer, less expensive, and less environmentally damaging. But even though gas is more affordable, connection fees can put the cost of…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-Based Aid in Infrastructure: A Tool for Reducing the Impact of Corruption

Corruption in infrastructure leads to big losses. Estimates of the share of construction spending lost to bribe payments around the world range from 5 percent to more than 20 percent. It is important to reduce the financial cost of corruption by limiting bribe payments. But even more important…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation

Output-based aid in Uganda: Bringing Communication Services to Rural Areas

In 1999, Uganda had achieved a national teledensity (fixed and mobile) of about one telephone per 100 inhabitants, slightly above the average for Sub- Saharan Africa (excluding South Africa). But with most phone lines concentrated in the Kampala area, rural teledensity was far lower. Indeed,…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Telecommunications

OBA in Senegal: Designing Technology-Neutral Concessions for Rural Electrification

Nationwide, only 30 percent of households in Senegal have access to electricity. Rural electrification is even lower at 12.5 percent of households, and limited to areas around large population centers and some tertiary centers. Once connected, most rural households would likely be willing and…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-Based Aid in Health: The Argentine Maternal-Child Health Insurance Program

To fight infant mortality in the poorest provinces of Argentina, local authorities and the World Bank set up the Maternal-Child Health Insurance Program in 2004. The program is administered by provincial governments, which receive funding on the basis of the numbers of mothers and children…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Health

Output-Based Aid in Bolivia: Balanced Tender Design for Sustainable Energy Access in Difficult Markets

Bolivia is implementing an innovative public-private approach to increase rural electricity access to extremely remote areas via Solar Home Systems (SHS). Novel Medium-term Service Contracts (MSCs) balance the Government’s wish for sustainable service and maximum control with providers’ aim for…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

GPOBA Annual Report 2007

GPOBA's first Annual Report, published in August 2007, gives an overview of the program's activities and objectives since its creation in 2003.
 

Date: 2007

Type: Annual Reports

Output-based Aid and Carbon Finance

Carbon finance is an output-based approach to mitigating climate change. Under the Kyoto Protocol’s project-based mechanisms—the Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation— projects in developing and transition economies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions can receive “carbon credits…

Date: 2006

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Climate Change