A Guide for Effective Results-Based Financing Strategies

GPOBA was initially founded to implement output-based aid, targeting low-income households and communities. While OBA has proven to be a successful type of development financing over its 15 years of operation, GPOBA  has discovered that more complex and changing environments require more…

Date: 2018

Type: GPRBA Guidebook

GPOBA-supported Climate-Friendly Projects and Beneficiaries

The map below demonstrates the climate-smart energy pilots supported by GPRBA, along with the estimated number of beneficiaries.

(Click on the link below the map for full resolution version, and adjust size via your browser)

Date: 2018

Type: GPRBA Publication

Tags: Climate Change

Maximizing Finance for Development for the Poor

Given the significant financing gap to meet the needs of developing countries and achieve the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, governments, multilaterals and other development partners are increasingly looking to the private sector to help fill this gap. This means applying…

Date: 2018

Type: Maximizing Finance for Development

Tags: Other, Public-Private Partnerships

An Example of a Development Impact Bond (DIB): Educate Girls, India, 2015

Despite substantial commitments to education, India still has the largest illiterate population in the world. Nationally, an estimated 3.7 million girls are out of school and in Rajasthan, 40 percent of girls drop out before reaching fifth grade. For those who remain, learning quality…

Date: 2018

Type: GPRBA Guidebook

Tags: Education

West Bank and Gaza - Cleaner Cities with PPPs and Innovative Financing Approaches

In partnership with the World Bank and IFC, The Global Partnership for Results-Based Approaches (GPRBA) provided a grant in the amount of $8.3 million, which incentivized local governments to improve both solid
waste services and revenue administration.

Date: 2018

Type: Maximizing Finance for Development

OBA in Infrastructure: The Experience So Far

Increasing access to basic infrastructure services is critical to reducing poverty and enabling poor and marginalized people to participate in and benefit from economic development.

Too often, however, the gap between the cost of the initial service connection and a user’s ability to pay…

Date: 2017

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation

Output-Based Aid for Urban Transport

Urban transport systems are crucial to economic and social development, and are particularly important for connecting poor populations to jobs, education, and health services. As the developing world rapidly urbanizes, there is an opportunity to build safer, cleaner, and more inclusive transport…

Date: 2017

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Urban Transport

Uganda Grid-Based Output-Based Aid Project

The OBA facility supported provision of over 105,000 grid connections for poor households (525,000 residents) in urban, peri-urban, and rural areas, representing about 10 percent of new connections country-wide from 2013–2016.

The GPOBA grant, which was fully utilized four months before…

Date: 2017

Type: Lessons Learned

Tags: Energy

Decentralized Electricity for Universal Access in Bolivia

The GPOBA project, which was approved in 2007, built on the experience of the Infrastructure for Rural Transformation (IDTR) project. It was comprised of grants totaling $5.2 million to support the provision of electricity under the framework of the Government’s universal access strategy. The…

Date: 2017

Type: Lessons Learned

Tags: Energy

Leveraging Performance-Based Financing and Accountability for Local Governments

A South-South Knowledge Exchange Workshop on Leveraging Performance-Based Financing and Accountability for Local Governments was held in New Delhi on 9 May 2017 and in Kolkata on 10-11 May 2017. The Workshop brought together over fifty leaders, senior government functionaries, and international and…

Date: 2017

Type: GPRBA Publication

Tags: Independent Verification

Innovations in Finance: Indonesia

In 2010 the World Bank approved a US$220 million loan for a Local Government and Decentralization project in Indonesia. The project aims to improve the accountability and reporting of the central government’s Specific Purpose Grants (DAK). Piloted in four infrastructure sub-sectors—irrigation,…

Date: 2017

Type: GPRBA Publication

Tags: Other, Water and Sanitation

GPOBA Annual Report 2017

GPOBA was established in 2003 to explore output-based approaches to basic service provision. It is housed within the World Bank’s Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience Global Practice (GSURR). Over its 14 years in operation, GPOBA has built a diverse portfolio of 48 subsidy projects in 28…

Date: 2017

Type: Annual Reports

Tags: Energy, Climate Change, Education, Health, Other, Solid Waste Management, Water and Sanitation, Independent Verification

Analyzing the Use of Output-Based Aid (OBA) in Urban Transport

This report discusses the applicability of output-based aid (OBA) to the urban transport sector in cities of developing and emerging countries, and draws recommendations for the design of OBA-financed projects – and, more broadly, of output-oriented pro-poor projects – that address the issues…

Date: 2017

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Urban Transport

Results-Based Climate Finance in Practice : Delivering Climate Finance for Low-Carbon Development

Results-based financing is a well-established financing modality in the health and education sectors but it is still in an early stage of deployment in the area of climate change. This report reviews 74 results-based climate financing (RBCF) programs implemented in developing countries with an…

Date: 2017

Type: GPRBA Publication

Output-Based Aid for Energy Access

Globally, around 1.1 billion people live without access to electricity. Ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy by 2030 is one of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted in 2015. The Global Partnership on Output-based Aid (GPOBA) supports this energy…

Date: 2016

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-Based Aid at Work in Public-Private Partnerships

With development needs outstripping public sector capacity, private sector finance and expertise are becoming increasingly important. OBA and public-private partnerships (PPPs) are innovative mechanisms for leveraging private sector investment in development solutions. OBA can add value to a PPP…

Date: 2016

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Public-Private Partnerships

Getting Results: Independent Verification in Output-Based Aid

As interest grows in results-based financing (RBF), the need for reliable verification systems intensifies. Independent verification is a key component of OBA, which links the disbursement of funds to achievement of verified results. This note discusses the verification process, and presents…

Date: 2016

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Independent Verification

Output-Based Aid in Education: What Have We Learned So Far?

OBA and other innovative forms of results-based financing (RBF) are still relatively new to the education sector, but emerging evidence suggests that OBA/RBF may be versatile tools for addressing issues of educational access, quality, and inequity. In 2015, GPOBA undertook a major study on the…

Date: 2016

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Education

Improving Rural Energy Access through Solar Home Systems in Ghana

In Ghana, where electricity grid access is relatively high for Sub-Saharan Africa, millions of people in small rural communities or on isolated islands cannot be reached through grid extension. A successful GPOBA project supported the purchase of solar home systems and PV lanterns for 16,500…

Date: 2016

Type: Lessons Learned

Tags: Energy

Upper Secondary Education Enhancement Project in Vietnam

The Vietnamese government has made remarkable gains in improving education outcomes since the early 1990s. But disparities in educational attainment – particularly between income groups – remain. GPOBA’s first project in the education sector addressed persistent inequalities in learning outcomes…

Date: 2016

Type: Lessons Learned

Tags: Education