In 2010, the Government of the Philippines launched Universal Health Care initiative, which mandated the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth) to provide health insurance coverage to all Filipinos, especially the poor. It also put in place measures to improve and accredit healthcare facilities countrywide.
In 2010, a Global Partnership on Output-Based Aid (GPOBA) grant for $13.95 million was approved to improve electricity access for poor households in rural Bangladesh in remote, off-grid areas through the provision of SHSs.
In 2006, the government of Nepal requested support from the World Bank and GPOBA to promote biogas plants in rural areas and enhance the sustainability of the energy sector. A GPOBA grant was approved with the objective of increasing the number of households sustainably using biogas plants under the government’s existing BSP IV program.
Electrification can be a significant driver for improving livelihoods in rural communities. In rural Mali, where more than 80 percent of the country's population lives, the electrification rate is only 15 percent.
With rapid urbanization, population growth, and new economic activity, municipal solid waste is increasing at alarming rates, and is expected to almost triple in low and lower middle income countries by 2025. At the same time, solid waste management (SWM) systems in most developing countries are underfunded and suffer from a lack of planning.
Throughout the world, poverty is increasingly concentrated in countries and regions affected by fragility and conflict, which intensify already acute challenges to development. Fragility and conflict can range from persistent domestic or cross-border violence to vulnerability in the face of natural disasters or extreme weather events related to climate change, such as flooding or droughts.
The Annual Report for fiscal year 2015 (FY15) describes GPOBA’s efforts toward fulfilling its mandate to fund, design, demonstrate, and document OBA approaches to service delivery. During FY15, we balanced our ongoing commitment to deepening the impact of OBA in tested sectors with exploring the applicability of OBA in new sectors and environments.
This note looks at a series of interventions undertaken by the Government of Kenya (GoK), with support from the World Bank and other development partners, to improve access to commercial finance in the water and sanitation sector.
The Water Services Trust Fund of Kenya (WSTF) is administering an output-based aid (OBA) program that provides financial incentives to water service providers to invest in rehabilitation and expansion of water and sanitation infrastructure.