This case study is part of a series to highlight project components that have enabled GPRBA to successfully deploy results-based finance (RBF) approaches for the provision of basic services to low-income communities, with efficiency, transparency and accountability. This analysis focuses on the Nepal Output-Based Aid Solid Waste Management (SWM) project.
City-level Assessment and Draft Service Improvement Plan for Solid Waste Management For Itahari Sub-Metropolitan City
By 2050, it is estimated that nearly half the world’s population will reside in cities. Bulging population in cities coupled with their rising income levels has led to an increase in the amount of waste generated by these urban centers.
The project was implemented in five municipalities -- Dhankuta, Ghorahi, Lalitpur, Pokhara, and Tansen -- which met certain operating and maintenance requirements. The project aimed to build upon the municipalities’ existing systems and make them more sustainable, rather than developing new systems.
Municipal solid waste management (MSW) is a crucial service provided by cities around the world, but is often inefficient and underperforming in developing countries. Low-income countries face the most acute challenges with solid waste management, with cities collecting less than half the waste stream and less than half of that amount processed to minimum standards.
With rapid urbanization, population growth, and new economic activity, municipal solid waste is increasing at alarming rates, and is expected to almost triple in low and lower middle income countries by 2025. At the same time, solid waste management (SWM) systems in most developing countries are underfunded and suffer from a lack of planning.