Output-Based Aid in the Philippines: Improving Electricity Supply on Remote Islands

The Philippines has introduced an output-based aid (OBA) subsidy scheme to improve electricity supply on remote islands as a way to enhance living standards in the poor communities there. The subsidy, to come from a national fund financed by a surcharge on all electricity users, will be paid to…

Date: 2006

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Fragile Situations

Regulation of Water and Sanitation Services: Getting Better Service to Poor People

Output-based aid (OBA) approaches to improving water and sanitation service can work in a variety of circumstances. Such OBA schemes require an understanding of the impact of existing regulatory arrangements have on water services to poor customers. The design of OBA schemes should therefore…

Date: 2006

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Water and Sanitation

Connecting Residential Households to Natural Gas: An Economic & Financial Analysis

The natural gas market has changed considerably in Egypt the country has evolved as a major international gas exporter. Industrial customers in the domestic market are increasingly relying on natural gas to meet their energy needs. Natural gas is already used as a major source of energy and…

Date: 2006

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Energy

Lessons Learned in Infrastructure Services Provision: Reaching the Poor

A key measure of the effectiveness of public spending on infrastructure is the extent to which it benefits poor people. In recent years policymakers and development practitioners have increasingly sought to understand why earlier approaches to infrastructure development often bypassed the poor…

Date: 2006

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation

Estimating the Fiscal Risks and Costs of Output-Based Payments

Output-based payments are an important tool of government policy. Sometimes governments offer “output-based aid” to subsidize services sold to households. Guatemala and Mozambique, for example, subsidize new electricity connections, while Paraguay is piloting a program to subsidize new water…

Date: 2005

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Other

Output-Based Aid in Water: Lessons in Implementation from a Pilot in Paraguay

Paraguay's aguateros—small private water companies— form an important part of the water sector, serving about 9 percent of the total population (or about 17 percent of those with piped water supply). But until recently they operated only in urban areas, where water resources are abundant and…

Date: 2005

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Water and Sanitation

Output-based Aid in the Chad: Using Performance-Based Contracts to Improve Roads

Despite Chad's recent debut as an oil exporter, its people rank among the world's poorest. Large parts of the country are left in extreme isolation by the lack of a backbone road network that is passable year-round. To tackle the poor internal integration, the government formulated the National…

Date: 2005

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Other, Urban Transport

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Techniques for Estimating the Fiscal Costs and Risks of Long-Term Output-Based Payments

Long-term commitments to make output-based payments for infrastructure can encourage private investors to provide socially valuable services. Making good decisions about such commitments is difficult, however, unless the government understands the fiscal costs and risks of possible commitments.…

Date: 2005

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other

Output-Based Aid - Supporting Infrastructure Delivery through Explicit and Performance-Based Subsidies

Increasing access to basic infrastructure and social services is critical to reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). However, increasing access is a challenge because of the gap between what it costs to deliver a desired level of service and what can be funded…

Date: 2005

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation

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Output-based Aid: Supporting Infrastructure Delivery Through Explicit and Performance-based Subsidies

Increasing access to basic infrastructure and social services is critical to reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals. However, this is a challenge because of the gap between what it costs to deliver a desired level of service and what can be funded through user charges.…

Date: 2005

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other

Output-based Aid in Mozambique

Mozambique’s first privately operated concession to generate, distribute, and sell electricity is now up and running in a rural area of Inhambane Province isolated from the country’s main transmission grid. The contract was won through competitive bidding by a Mozambican and South African…

Date: 2005

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Credit Enhancing Output-based Aid

This working paper presents options for using World Bank guarantee instruments to enhance the creditworthiness of government output-based aid (OBA) OBA payments to an infrastructure service provider. OBA payments are targeted, performance-based subsidies provided when full cost recovery through…

Date: 2005

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other

OBA Payment Mechanisms and Risk Mitigation

The paper attempts to put the observations made within Mozambique into a broader context, reflecting a wider range of payment mechanisms that have either been employed, or else could be considered, to transfer output-based aid (OBA) subsidies. It hopes to advance the understanding of the…

Date: 2004

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other

Output-Based Aid in Nepal: Expanding Telecommunications Service to Rural Areas

A landlocked country which is covered largely by hills and mountains, Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world, where many people are isolated and without formal means of communication. Despite recent telecommunication sector reforms, rural areas have not been served. Recognizing this…

Date: 2004

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Telecommunications, Fragile Situations

Designing OBA When There is an Incumbent

This working paper aims to provide practical guidance to Government officials and others who are asked to design Output Based Aid (OBA) projects in situations in which there is an existing supplier. The focus is on water and electricity projects where there is a request for development of an OBA…

Date: 2003

Type: GPRBA Working Paper

Tags: Other

GPRBA Brochure

The Global Partnership for Results-based approaches (GPRBA) promotes inclusive development through innovative financing solutions that link funding to actual results achieved. GPRBA is a partnership established to improve the delivery of basic services like water, sanitation, energy, health and…

Type: GPRBA Guidebook