Globally, around 1.1 billion people live without access to electricity. Ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy by 2030 is one of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted in 2015. The Global Partnership on Output-based Aid (GPOBA) supports this energy access goal through the use of output-based approaches to service delivery.
The Vietnamese government has made remarkable gains in improving education outcomes since the early 1990s. But disparities in educational attainment – particularly between income groups – remain. GPOBA’s first project in the education sector addressed persistent inequalities in learning outcomes, enrolling more than 8,000 low-income students and lowering dropout rates.
GPOBA’s achievements this year demonstrate the strong ongoing coordination between the operations and knowledge aspects of its work, which together aim to ensure that poor populations are included in development gains.
Urban transport systems are crucial to economic and social development, and are particularly important for connecting poor populations to jobs, education, and health services. As the developing world rapidly urbanizes, there is an opportunity to build safer, cleaner, and more inclusive transport systems.
The GPOBA project, which was approved in 2007, built on the experience of the Infrastructure for Rural Transformation (IDTR) project. It was comprised of grants totaling $5.2 million to support the provision of electricity under the framework of the Government’s universal access strategy.
The OBA facility supported provision of over 105,000 grid connections for poor households (525,000 residents) in urban, peri-urban, and rural areas, representing about 10 percent of new connections country-wide from 2013–2016.
The GPOBA grant, which was fully utilized four months before the closing date of June 2017, supported about 40,000 connections.
Increasing access to basic infrastructure services is critical to reducing poverty and enabling poor and marginalized people to participate in and benefit from economic development.
Too often, however, the gap between the cost of the initial service connection and a user’s ability to pay for that connection prevents the poor from availing of basic services.
In 2010 the World Bank approved a US$220 million loan for a Local Government and Decentralization project in Indonesia. The project aims to improve the accountability and reporting of the central government’s Specific Purpose Grants (DAK).
GPOBA was established in 2003 to explore output-based approaches to basic service provision. It is housed within the World Bank’s Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience Global Practice (GSURR). Over its 14 years in operation, GPOBA has built a diverse portfolio of 48 subsidy projects in 28 countries and has supported numerous technical assistance and knowledge building activities.