Most of development assistance today is delivered through input finance with no guarantee of successful achievement of results. Now imagine that a government could commission for increased employability among a targeted population, narrowed learning gap between boys and girls, more affordable housing in urban settings, or increased connectivity to economic opportunities.
The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a global humanitarian crisis, putting both lives and livelihoods at risk. In the initial stages of the pandemic – especially in contexts where the state machinery was caught unawares or lacked capacity, or both, social enterprises (SEs) or socially-driven private enterprises – have been particularly active and have stepped up to provide relief.
While results-based approaches have been designed and successfully applied to several infrastructure and social sectors, there is almost no record of its being used regarding projects in the land sector.
Throughout the world, poverty is increasingly concentrated in countries and regions affected by fragility and conflict, which intensify already acute challenges to development. Fragility and conflict can range from persistent domestic or cross-border violence to vulnerability in the face of natural disasters or extreme weather events related to climate change, such as flooding or droughts.