In addition to showcasing the wide range of activities achieved during fiscal year 2020, this Annual Report sheds light on some of the many ways GPRBA continues to employ innovative results-based financing instruments to strengthen service delivery, incentivize long-term and sustainable change, reach the most vulnerable, and respond to current and future global crises (including the COVID-19 pa
The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a global humanitarian crisis, putting both lives and livelihoods at risk. In the initial stages of the pandemic – especially in contexts where the state machinery was caught unawares or lacked capacity, or both, social enterprises (SEs) or socially-driven private enterprises – have been particularly active and have stepped up to provide relief.
This report serves as a tool to project teams working on Results-Based Financing (RBF) projects in the water sector. It provides sector-specific entry points, key questions to consider, and sample objectives and indicators that can be used to consider how RBF can be used to close the gender gap.
The report covers highlights of this fiscal year of 2018 (July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018), in which GPOBA commemorates its 15th anniversary, along with a review of the progress towards achieving the partnership's goals of designing and implementing OBA pilot projects, building a Center of Expertise, piloting other results-based approaches, and communicating with the development community.
Output-Based Aid - Supporting Infrastructure Delivery through Explicit and Performance-Based Subsidies
Increasing access to basic infrastructure and social services is critical to reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). However, increasing access is a challenge because of the gap between what it costs to deliver a desired level of service and what can be funded through user charges.
Corruption in infrastructure leads to big losses. Estimates of the share of construction spending lost to bribe payments around the world range from 5 percent to more than 20 percent. It is important to reduce the financial cost of corruption by limiting bribe payments. But even more important is to ensure that corruption does not reduce the quantity and quality of infrastructure provision.
A key measure of the effectiveness of public spending on infrastructure is the extent to which it benefits poor people. In recent years policymakers and development practitioners have increasingly sought to understand why earlier approaches to infrastructure development often bypassed the poor or proved unsustainable.
Output-based aid (OBA) approaches to improving water and sanitation service can work in a variety of circumstances. Such OBA schemes require an understanding of the impact of existing regulatory arrangements have on water services to poor customers.
Output-Based Aid (OBA) ties the disbursement of public funding to the achievement of clearly specified results that directly support improved access to basic services. OBA has emerged as an important way to finance access to basic services, but experience with OBA approaches in the sanitation sector has remained limited and there have been mixed results.
Output-Based Aid (OBA) has been used since the early 2000s to deliver basic infrastructure and social services to the poor, typically through public-private partnerships.