OBA in Infrastructure: The Experience So Far

Increasing access to basic infrastructure services is critical to reducing poverty and enabling poor and marginalized people to participate in and benefit from economic development.

Too often, however, the gap between the cost of the initial service connection and a user’s ability to pay…

Date: 2017

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation

Output-Based Aid for Energy Access

Globally, around 1.1 billion people live without access to electricity. Ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy by 2030 is one of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted in 2015. The Global Partnership on Output-based Aid (GPOBA) supports this energy…

Date: 2016

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-Based Aid in Mali Rural Electrification Hybrid System Project

Electrification can be a significant driver for improving livelihoods in rural communities. In rural Mali, where more than 80 percent of the country's population lives, the electrification rate is only 15 percent. Increasing access to electricity in rural Mali is crucial for economic development…

Date: 2015

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Using Output Based Aid in Urban Projects

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Against the backdrop of rapidly rising urbanization in the developing world and the growing demand for basic services such as water and power, there is an increasing need to improve service delivery, particularly in low-income urban settlements. Output-based aid (OBA) …

Date: 2012

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation, Urban

Output-Based Aid in Bangladesh: Solar Home Systems for Rural Households

A renewable energy program in Bangladesh that brings solar power to rural households is one of the most successful solar home system (SHS) programs in the world. It has demonstrated an inexpensive and reliable way to bring electricity to rural households. Several OBA features have contributed to…

Date: 2012

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Climate Change

Énergie et aide basée sur les résultats : quelles leçons avons-nous tirées?

Près de 1,4 milliard d’êtres humains n’ont pas l’électricité et près de 2,7 milliards utilisent les combustibles traditionnels issus de la biomasse pour la cuisson des aliments (AIE/PNUD/ONUDI, 2010). L’un des problèmes que pose l’accroissement de l’accès des pauvres à des sources d’énergie…

Date: 2010

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

La ayuda en función de los resultados y la energía: ¿Qué hemos aprendido hasta ahora?

En el mundo hay casi 1400 millones de personas que viven sin acceso a la electricidad y aproximadamente 2700 millones usan combustibles de biomasa tradicionales para cocinar (OIE/PNUD/ONUDI, 2010). Un obstáculo para incrementar la provisión de energía eléctrica fiable a la gente pobre es su…

Date: 2010

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

المعونات المرتبطة بالنواتج في قطاع الطاقة: ما الذي تعلمناه حتى الآن؟

ينبع ضعف إمكانية الحصول على الكهرباء من مشكلات تتصل بجانب
الطلب وجانب العرض على السواء. ففي جانب الطلب، تُشكِّل الرسوم
المرتفعة التي تُدفع مقدما حاجزا يحول دون تركيب وصلات للفقراء.
ومع أن الإنفاق على الكهرباء أقل في العادة للأسر التي تحصل على
الكهرباء، فإن رسوم تركيب…

Date: 2010

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-Based Aid and Energy: What Have We Learned So Far?

Worldwide, nearly 1.4 billion people live without access to electricity and nearly 2.7 billion people use traditional biomass fuels for cooking (IEA/UNDP/UNIDO, 2010). One challenge to increasing reliable energy access for the poor is their limited ability to pay the up-front connection fees for…

Date: 2010

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Connecting Colombia’s Poor to Natural Gas Services: Lessons Learned from a Completed Output-Based Aid Project

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The Global Partnership on Output-Based Aid (GPOBA) has recently completed a project that made 35,000 new natural gas connections to poor households in Colombia’s Caribbean coastal region.

This partnership between GPOBA and Fundación Promigas (a charitable foundation…

Date: 2010

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-Based Aid in Ethiopia: Dealing with the “Last Mile” Paradox in Rural Electrification

Providing electricity to poor households in rural areas in Ethiopia is critical to improving the health and living conditions of the population, reducing poverty, and stimulating growth. A project supported by the Global Partnership on Output-Based Aid (GPOBA) is accelerating the pace of…

Date: 2009

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-Based Aid in Armenia: Connecting Poor Urban Households to Gas Service

Gas-based heating offers a clean, efficient, low-cost heating solution for poor urban households in Armenia, a country with severe winters. But many low-income households cannot afford the cost of connecting to gas networks and heating facilities or the cost of heating equipment. To help these…

Date: 2009

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-based Aid in Colombia: Connecting Poor Households to Natural Gas Service

Natural gas connections could bring substantial benefits to poor households in Colombia. Compared with other fuels typically used for cooking, natural gas is safer, less expensive, and less environmentally damaging. But even though gas is more affordable, connection fees can put the cost of…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-Based Aid in Infrastructure: A Tool for Reducing the Impact of Corruption

Corruption in infrastructure leads to big losses. Estimates of the share of construction spending lost to bribe payments around the world range from 5 percent to more than 20 percent. It is important to reduce the financial cost of corruption by limiting bribe payments. But even more important…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation

Output-based aid in Uganda: Bringing Communication Services to Rural Areas

In 1999, Uganda had achieved a national teledensity (fixed and mobile) of about one telephone per 100 inhabitants, slightly above the average for Sub- Saharan Africa (excluding South Africa). But with most phone lines concentrated in the Kampala area, rural teledensity was far lower. Indeed,…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Telecommunications

OBA in Senegal: Designing Technology-Neutral Concessions for Rural Electrification

Nationwide, only 30 percent of households in Senegal have access to electricity. Rural electrification is even lower at 12.5 percent of households, and limited to areas around large population centers and some tertiary centers. Once connected, most rural households would likely be willing and…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-Based Aid in Bolivia: Balanced Tender Design for Sustainable Energy Access in Difficult Markets

Bolivia is implementing an innovative public-private approach to increase rural electricity access to extremely remote areas via Solar Home Systems (SHS). Novel Medium-term Service Contracts (MSCs) balance the Government’s wish for sustainable service and maximum control with providers’ aim for…

Date: 2007

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy

Output-Based Aid in the Philippines: Improving Electricity Supply on Remote Islands

The Philippines has introduced an output-based aid (OBA) subsidy scheme to improve electricity supply on remote islands as a way to enhance living standards in the poor communities there. The subsidy, to come from a national fund financed by a surcharge on all electricity users, will be paid to…

Date: 2006

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Fragile Situations

Output-Based Aid - Supporting Infrastructure Delivery through Explicit and Performance-Based Subsidies

Increasing access to basic infrastructure and social services is critical to reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). However, increasing access is a challenge because of the gap between what it costs to deliver a desired level of service and what can be funded…

Date: 2005

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy, Water and Sanitation

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Output-based Aid in Mozambique

Mozambique’s first privately operated concession to generate, distribute, and sell electricity is now up and running in a rural area of Inhambane Province isolated from the country’s main transmission grid. The contract was won through competitive bidding by a Mozambican and South African…

Date: 2005

Type: OBApproaches

Tags: Energy