Are They Really Being Served? Assessing Effective Infrastructure Access and Quality in 15 Kenyan Cities
"This paper proposes a framework that examines three levels of access to infrastructure -- nominal, effective, and quality-adjusted access. Most conventional indicators measure nominal access --whether a household has physical access to a service in or near the house.
This note describes efforts by the government of Kenya, the World Bank and other development partners to improve access to commercial finance for water and sanitation projects, within the context of sector reforms and innovative financing initiatives.