Are They Really Being Served? Assessing Effective Infrastructure Access and Quality in 15 Kenyan Cities
"This paper proposes a framework that examines three levels of access to infrastructure -- nominal, effective, and quality-adjusted access. Most conventional indicators measure nominal access --whether a household has physical access to a service in or near the house.
This note describes efforts by the government of Kenya, the World Bank and other development partners to improve access to commercial finance for water and sanitation projects, within the context of sector reforms and innovative financing initiatives.
Leveraging Private Sector Finance for Rural Piped Water Infrastructure in Kenya: The Use of Output-Based Aid
An innovative approach to rural infrastructure finance in Kenya is facilitating access to finance for community-based water providers by blending output-based subsidies and commercial finance.
Mobiliser le secteur privé pour financer des réseaux d’adduction d’eau en zone rurale au Kenya: Comment utiliser l’aide basée sur les résultats
Au Kenya, une approche innovante faisant appel à la fois à des subventions basées sur les résultats et à des financements aux conditions du marché aide les prestataires communautaires de services d’approvisionnement en eau à obtenir des crédits pour financer des infrastructures rurales.
Community run small-scale water systems play a critical role in supplying consumers in the peri-urban and rural areas of Kenya. The importance of these providers has been recognized in recent reforms of the sector, which provide for a legal and regulatory framework for community-based organizations to engage in water service provision outside major towns and cities.
In 2006, the Global Partnership on Output-Based Aid (GPOBA) approved an innovative pilot project for $1.15 million to increase access and improve efficiency in water services for the poor in rural and peri-urban areas of central Kenya through investments in selected community subprojects.
This knowledge note looks at a series of interventions undertaken by the Government of Kenya with support from the World Bank and other development partners, to improve access to commercial finance in the water and sanitation sector.
The Water Services Trust Fund of Kenya (WSTF) is administering an output-based aid (OBA) program that provides financial incentives to water service providers to invest in rehabilitation and expansion of water and sanitation infrastructure.