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Appendices

A. Financial Statements

GPOBA derives its resources from donor contributions, which are channeled through trust funds administered by the World Bank Group. The World Bank recovers an administrative fee for costs associated with this task. GPOBA’s budget and accounting processes are aligned with the World Bank fiscal year, which runs from July to June.

Contributions Received

As of June 30, 2016, GPOBA’s donors have pledged a total of $337.9 million to the program, all of which has been received (see Table A1). In FY 2016, GPOBA received $2.2 million from donors (see Table A2).

Table A.1: Donor Contributions to GPOBA (in $millions)

Donor Pledge Received
DFID 112.81 112.81
IFC 97.80 97.80
DGIS 28.27 28.27
DFAT 37.49 37.49
SIDA 59.73 59.73
EU 1.80 1.80
Total 337.90 337.90

Table A.2: Receipt of Donor Contributions by Year (in $millions)

FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 Total
DFID 2.50 3.40 6.80 21.70 13.30 10.20 19.20 14.50 11.22 6.84 1.63 1.52 112.81
IFC 35.00 25.50 37.30 97.80
DGIS 11.00 8.00 9.27 28.27
DFAT 0.26 28.93 8.31 37.49
SIDA 6.90 8.90 2.20 20.80 3.04 15.68 2.21 59.73
EU 1.00 0.80 1.80
Total 2.50 3.40 41.80 32.96 53.70 49.40 28.10 54.00 19.53 28.44 4.67 17.20 2.21 337.90

Disbursements

GPOBA disbursements totaled $24.2 million in fiscal year 2016 (Table A3). Disbursements were made for activities approved in fiscal year 2016, as well as for activities approved in prior years that are implemented over multiple years.

Table A.3: GPOBA Disbursements in FY16

Program Management
a) Program Management and Center of Expertise 570,102
Sub total 570,102
Disbursement Related to FY15 Work Program
a) Technical Assistance 4,054,502
b) Project Supervision and Preparation 2,934,078
c) Subsidy funding 16,664,410
Sub total 23,652,989
Grand Total 24,223,092

Of the total disbursements this fiscal year, $23.6 million (97 percent) was related to the annual work program. Most of this amount ($16.7 million) was disbursement of subsidy funding for pilot projects under implementation, with the rest going to technical assistance, and preparation and supervision of projects. At $570,102, program management and administration represented 2 percent of total disbursements.

Single Audit Process

The World Bank Group has instituted an annual ‘single audit’ exercise for all trust funds. As part of this exercise, the GPOBA program manager signs a trust fund representation letter attesting to the correctness and completeness of the financial process for all GPOBA trust funds. The task manager for each approved activity is required to confirm that due diligence has been exercised with respect to the administration, management, and monitoring of the funds awarded for the activity, and has ensured that all expenses and disbursements are made in accordance with World Bank procurement and administrative guidelines.

B. Projects

Table B.1: Fully Implemented Projects

Country Project name Output description Number of verified outputs Number of beneficiaries
Armenia Armenia Gas and Heating Households with access to heating either through an individual connection or local boiler system 5,847 23,739
Bangladesh Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development Solar Home Systems 497,613 2,488,065
Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development - Mini Grid Project Mini grid and solar water pumps 2,184 8,500
Bolivia Rural Electricity Access with Small-Scale Providers Solar Home Systems and Pico-PV systems 11,755 60,815
Cameroon Water Affermage Contract-OBA for Coverage Expansion Households with water connections 25,254 151,524
Colombia Access to Natural Gas Households with gas connections 34,138 204,828
Ethiopia Ethiopia Electricity Access Rural Expansion Household electricity connections, including two compact fluorescent lamps 60,000 300,000
Ghana Solar PV Systems to Increase Access to Electricity Services in Ghana Solar Home Systems and solar lanterns 16,822 100,932
Honduras National OBA Facility for Water and Sanitation Services Households with water and sanitation connections 14,600 87,600
India Improved Rural Community Water in Andhra Pradesh Ultraviolet water purification systems providing access to clean water 25 77,878
India Improved Electricity Access to Indian Slum Dwellers in Mumbai Households with electricity connections 15 75
Indonesia Expansion of Water Services in Low-income Areas of Jakarta Households with water connections 5,042 25,210
Indonesia Extending Telecommunications in Rural Indonesia Internet locations 222 476,000
Indonesia Expanding Piped Water Supply to Surabaya's Urban Poor Households with water connections and Master meters 13,473 67,815
Kenya Microfinance for Community-managed Water Projects Households with water connections and Water Kiosks 17,500 202,000
Lesotho Lesotho New Hospital PPP Inpatient services at the new Queen Mamohato Memorial Hospital and outpatient services at three peri-urban filter clinics 808,739 808,739
Mongolia Mongolia Universal Access to Telecommunications 1) Public access to telephone network for herder communities; 2) Wireless network for Tariat soum center 1 public access telephone network and 2 wireless networks 22,315
Morocco Improved Access to Water and Sanitation Services Households with water and sanitation connections 12,426 62,130
Mozambique Water Private Sector Contracts-OBA for Coverage Expansion Households with water connections 33,407 601,326
Nepal Biogas Support Programme Biogas plants for rural households 26,363 184,541
Nigeria Pre-paid Health Scheme Medical Services 13,473 13,473
Philippines Improved Access to Water Services in Metro Manila Households with water connections 28,562 171,372
Philippines Philippines Reproductive Health Enrollments and vouchers for safe deliveries 99,319 453,440
Senegal Access to On-Site Sanitation Services Households benefitting from increased access to new sanitation facilities 11,495 103,455
Uganda Reproductive Health Vouchers in Western Uganda Safe deliveries and treatments of sexually transmitted diseases 97,248 162,838
Uganda Kampala Water Connections for the poor Water yard taps and Public Water Points. 7,524 129,900
Uganda Small Towns Water Supply and Rural Growth Centers Water yard taps, public water points 2,416 54,486
Vietnam Upper Secondary Education Enhancement Tuition Packages 8,145 8,145
Vietnam Targeting Service Expansion through Water Loss Reduction Households with water connections 35,344 176,720
Yemen Safe Motherhood Program Enrollments 16,878 33,756
Total 1,905,832 7,261,617

C. Grant Agreements

Table C.1: Grant Agreements

Country Project Name IDA Grant Amount (US$m) Planned # of beneficiaries Average subsidy per person (US$) Description
Armenia Access to Gas & Heat Supply for Poor Urban Households in Armenia IDA Blend 3.1 23,739 130.59 This project closed in December 2009, having improved access to gas and heating services for poor households in urban multi-apartment buildings, by subsidizing the cost of new service connections.
Bangladesh Bangladesh rural solar home systems Scale up IDA 15 1,210,000 12.4 GPOBA brings a pro-poor dimension to this scale-up, co-financed by the WBG, the Government of Bangladesh, and Partner Organizations/project sponsors. OBA financing makes access to off-grid electrification (SHS, mini-grids, solar irrigation pumps) and clean cooking (biogas plants) affordable to the poor in rural, remote areas through capital buy-down grants.
Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development & Mini Grid Project IDA 1.1 20,000 55 This project aims to help about 5,000 households, shops, and small and medium enterprises in rural Bangladesh to gain access to electricity by reducing the capital cost of mini-grid systems. The GPOBA grant will mean providers can charge a tariff that is affordable to the connected beneficiaries.
Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development & Solar Home Systems Project IDA 13.95 2,488,065 5.61 This project aims to increase access to energy services for poor people in rural areas of Bangladesh by addressing the issue of insufficient grid capacity through the installation of solar home systems (SHS).
Bolivia Decentralized Electricity for Universal Access IDA Blend 5.18 45,000 115 This project established direct connections and affordable access to electricity for poor Bolivian households and micro-enterprises in remote rural areas of Bolivia.
Cameroon Cameroon Water Affermage contract - OBA for coverage expansion IDA 5.25 240,000 21.88 This project will subsidize the cost of new connections to piped water for low- to middle-income households currently without access, and is expected to benefit around 240,000 people.
Colombia Natural Gas Distribution for Low Income Families in the Caribbean Coast IBRD 5.1 210,000 24.29 This project closed on July 31, 2008, having successfully connected 34,138 families to the natural gas distribution network along the Colombian Caribbean Coast.
Ethiopia Ethiopia Electrification Access Rural Expansion Project IDA 8 1,142,855 7 This OBA scheme helped EEPCo, a state-owned national utility, finance the cost of providing access to electricity for poor customers in rural towns and villages with grid access.
Ghana Ghana: GAMA urban sanitation IDA 4.8 132,000 36.36 The project is part of a larger IDA project to increase access to improved water and sanitation in the GAMA. The OBA component will benefit 6,600 households in low-income communities by partially subsidizing access to new and sustainable toilet facilities.
Ghana Solar PV Systems to increase access to electricity IDA 4.35 75,000 58 The GPOBA grant provides increased electricity access through renewable energy technology for poor households in remote rural regions of Ghana, to benefit 75,000 people.
Honduras Extension of Water and Sanitation Services in Low income areas of Honduras IDA 4.59 87,600 52.4 This project developed an OBA facility to establish an efficient and transparent mechanism for financing infrastructure in water and sanitation projects in Honduras
India Improved Rural Community Water in Andhra Pradesh IDA Blend 0.85 77,878 10.91 This project closed on December 31, 2009, having provided access to safe drinking water for 77,878 poor inhabitants of Andhra Pradesh through the development of 25 community water supply schemes.
India Mumbai Improved Electricity Access to Indian Slum Dwellers Project IDA Blend 1.65 131,250 12.57 The GPOBA grant subsidized the cost of electricity connections and wiring for inhabitants of the Shivajinagar slum in Mumbai.
Indonesia Expanding Piped Water Supply to Surabaya's Urban Poor Project IBRD 2.41 77,500 31.06 This OBA scheme has extended piped water connections to around 15,500 low-income households in Surabaya.
Indonesia Expansion of Water Services in Low income areas of Jakarta IDA Blend 2.57 58,150 44.25 This project brought water services to communities in low-income areas of Jakarta by funding one-off connection subsidies for an estimated 12,000 poor households.
Indonesia Extending Telecommunications in Rural Indonesia IBRD 1.87 758,210 2.46 This project facilitates access to the Internet and associated telecommunications and data services through Òcommunity access pointsÓ in poor areas, benefitting an estimated 758,210 people.
Kenya Micro-finance for Small Water Schemes IDA 3.09 106,267 29.09 This scheme increased access to and efficiency in water supply services for the poor in rural and peri-urban areas of Kenya through investments in around 35 community water projects.
Kenya Kenya Electricity Expansion Project IDA 5.15 264,000 19.51 This project uses GPOBA funds to scale up the Kenya Power and Lighting Company's model of delivering electricity connections in slums throughout Nairobi. The goal of this project is to scale up a method of connecting the urban poor through use of a small, but targeted, subsidy.
Kenya Additional Financing to KEEP Project IDA 3 54,000 55.56 The Government of Kenya (GoK) and the Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC) are seeking $75million to roll out the program across the nation. In the interim while they secure funds for the national roll out, GoK requested additional financing to scale-up the pilot, maintain the momentum of the ÒLast Mile ConnectionÓ program, and cater for the basic needs of the urban poor in informal settlements across the country.
Kenya Kenya water OBA fund scale-up IDA 11.84 150,000 78.93 This scale-up will help water services providers access loan finance from the domestic private sector to finance water and sanitation subprojects in municipal/county-owned utilities. GPOBA subsidies will benefit 30,000 low-income households under this initiative.
Kenya Nairobi Sanitation IDA 4.33 80,000 54.13 The Development Objective is to provide sustainable access to sanitation and water services in selected low-income communities of Nairobi, by applying one-off OBA subsidies in order to make pro-poor sewerage and water connections financially viable.
Lesotho Lesotho Health PPP Project IDA 6.25 500,000 12.5 The GPOBA grant will provide subsidies for inpatient services at a new 390-bed National Referral Hospital, and outpatient services at three semi-urban filter clinics that have been refurbished.Ê
Liberia Monrovia Improved Electricity Access Project IDA 10 80,000 125 The GPOBA grant off-sets part of the capital costs associated with building the transmission and distribution networks for Monrovia. The grant also subsidizes connection costs for individual households.
Mali Mali Rural Electrification Hybrid System IDA 5 130,000 38.46 The objective of the Project is to expand access to modern energy services in rural areas of the Recipient and to increase renewable energy generation in target areas.
Mongolia Mongolia OBA Pilot Project of Universal Access Strategy IDA 0.26 22,315 11.62 This project closed on October 31, 2008, having provided telephone services to around 20,000 members of herder communities, and telephone and internet services to around 22,315 residents of Tariat and Chuluut soum centers.
Morocco Morocco Urban Water and Sanitation IBRD 7 52,520 133.28 The project closed on December 31, 2012, having provided with access to safe water and improved sanitation for over 11,000 low-income households in disadvantaged peri-urban and rural neighborhoods of Casablanca, Meknes, and Tangiers.
Mozambique Mozambique Water Private Sector Contracts & OBA for coverage expansion IDA 5 468,000 10.68 This project aims to provide subsidized water connections for domestic consumers in Mozambique through the construction of shared yard taps, expected to benefit up to 468,000 people.
Nepal Biogas Support Programme IDA 5 184,541 27.09 The scheme subsidized approximately 26,000 biogas plants for rural Nepalese households to increase access to clean and affordable energy for cooking and lighting.
Nepal Municipal Solid Waste Management IDA 4.28 800,000 5.35 The project will support improvement in the quality and financial sustainability of solid waste management services in four participating municipalities targeting 800,000 beneficiaries.
Nigeria Nigeria Pre-Paid Health Scheme Project IDA 6.02 22,500 267.34 This OBA scheme aims to provide affordable pre-paid health insurance plans for up to 22,500 beneficiaries (employees and their families) who belong to the Computer and Allied Products Association (ÒCAPDANÓ) at the Ikeja IT village in Lagos.
Philippines Improved Access to Water Services in the East Zone of Metro Manila Project IBRD 2.85 123,084 23.15 This project provided affordable piped potable water to poor households in Metro Manila, benefitting over 170,000 people.
Philippines Philippines Reproductive Health IBRD 2.98 453,440 6.57 The project aims to increase access to affordable maternal and reproductive health services for around 200,000 low-income families
Philippines Philippines Access to Sustainable Energy IBRD 3 202,500 14.81 The project provides a capital buy-down subsidy to make solar energy (SHS) affordable to off-grid households. ASEP & PV mainstreaming will be implemented with program management services provided by a selected private corporation, LGUGC, in partnership with electric cooperatives (ECs). The program will target qualified ECs that will competitively select supply and installation contractors to both pre-finance and install the systems.
Senegal On-Site Sanitation Project IDA 5.76 103,500 55.69 This OBA subsidy scheme helped offset the cost of new sanitation facilities for an estimated 11,500 poor households.
Sri Lanka Increasing household access to domestic sanitation in Greater Colombo IDA Blend 5.08 77,035 65.94 Improving access to sanitation services in Greater Colombo (Sri Lanka) by increasing the number of house connections to existing and new sewerage networks, and improving on-site sanitation services at household level through rehabilitation of septic tanks and regulated desludging services.
Uganda OBA in Kampala & Water Connections for the Poor IDA 2.53 469,950 5.38 This scheme will provide a one-off connection subsidy to partially fund the cost of new domestic metered connections. The project envisages making about 20,000 new yard tap connections and installing about 800 new public water points over a period of three years.
Uganda OBA in Water Supply in Uganda's Small Towns and Rural Growth Centers IDA 3.21 51,972 61.71 This project increased access to sustainable water supply services for the poor living in selected small towns and rural growth centers, benefitting over 50,000 people.
Uganda Reproductive Health Vouchers in Western Uganda IDA 4.3 164,616 26.12 This project improved womenÕs access to trained medical professionals throughout pregnancy and provided subsidized STD treatment for over 160,000 poor Ugandans.
Uganda Uganda Grid-Based OBA Facility Project IDA 5.5 510,000 10.78 The OBA scheme provides subsidies to help fill the gap between what the user is willing to pay for connecting to the electricity grid, and what it costs the electricity distribution companies to make these connections.
Uganda Uganda reproductive health voucher program scale-up IDA 13.3 132,400 100.45 This scale-up project aims to use vouchers to subsidize the cost of reproductive health care for poor consumers in Uganda. The project will be implemented by UgandaÕs Ministry of Health, and is expected to contribute to over 132,000 safe deliveries.
Vanuatu Improved Electricity Access IDA 4.85 21,440 226.21 The Project Development Objective (PDO) for this operation is to increase sustainable access to formal grid-based electricity services within VanuatuÕs electricity concession service areas for low income consumers through targeted subsidies
Vietnam Vietnam Rural Water (EMW) IDA 4.5 176,720 25.46 This project brought safe water services to an estimated 30,000 poor families in rural Vietnam.
Vietnam Vietnam Upper Secondary Education Enhancement Project IDA 3 8,100 370.37 This pilot increased access to secondary education at semi-public and private schools for over 8,100 poor students. Subsidy payments to participating schools were made on condition of pre-agreed indicators that demonstrated both a student's attendance and educational attainment.
West Bank Solid Waste Management 8.25 840,000 9.82 This project is designed to enable better quality, affordable, more efficient, and sustainable waste collection, transport, and safe disposal of waste in the West Bank.
Yemen Yemen Safe Motherhood Program IDA 3.91 30,000 130.41 The objective of this project is to provide sustainable maternal health services, including up to 15,000 safe child births, to poor women of reproductive age (15-49) in SanaÕa, Yemen.
Zambia Zambia rural electrification IDA 4.95 140,000 35.36 The project aims to provide 22,000 low-income households and 5,000 micro and small enterprises in urban and peri-urban areas of Zambia with access to grid-based electricity services. It builds upon the ongoing Increased Access to Electricity Services (IAES) project, co-financed by the WBG and the European Commission ($7 million).
Total 233.9 13,196,147

D. Disbursements

Table D.1: Disbursements as of June 30, 2015

Closed Projects
Country Project Name Project # Grant Amount Funds disbursed Sector Region
Armenia Armenia Access to Heat/Gas P103071 $3,100,000 $3,087,196 Energy ECA
Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development - Mini Grid Project P119547 $1,100,000 $1,099,581 Energy SAR
Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development - SHS Project P119549 $13,950,000 $13,950,000 Energy SAR
Bolivia Bolivia Rural Electricity Access with Small-Scale Providers P102479 $5,175,000 $5,152,403 Energy LAC
Cameroon Cameroon Water Affermage contract - OBA for coverage expansion P106794 $5,250,000 $1,816,259 Water AFR
Colombia Colombia Natural Gas P102095 $5,085,000 $4,880,382 Energy LAC
Ethiopia Ethiopia Electricity Access Rural Expansion Project P105651 $8,000,000 $451,290 Energy AFR
Ghana Solar PV Systems to Increase Access to Electricity Services in Ghana P105617 $4,350,000 $4,065,021 Energy AFR
Honduras Extension of Water and Sanitation Services in Low income areas of Honduras P102474 $4,590,000 $4,536,847 Water LAC
India Improved Electricity Access to Indian Slum Dwellers P104649 $1,650,000 $40,901 Energy SAR
India India Naandi Foundation P102472 $850,000 $834,276 Water SAR
Indonesia Expanding Piped Water Supply to Surabaya's Urban Poor P105590 $2,407,500 $1,084,391 Water EAP
Indonesia Expansion of Water Services in Low income areas of Jakarta P102529 $2,573,140 $1,743,902 Water EAP
Indonesia Extending Telecommunications in Rural Indonesia P102476 $1,868,340 $1,516,534 Telecom EAP
Kenya Microfinance for Community-managed Water Projects P104075 $3,087,630 $2,597,119 Water AFR
Lesotho Lesotho New Hospital PPP P104403 $6,250,000 $6,250,000 Health AFR
Mongolia Mongolia Univ Access to Tele P102488 $259,400 $257,335 Telecom EAP
Morocco Improved Access to Water and Sanitation Services Project P102527 $7,000,000 $6,999,766 Water MNA
Mozambique Water Private Sector Contracts OBA for coverage expansion in Mozambique P104945 $5,000,000 $4,768,183 Water AFR
Nepal Biogas Support Programme in Nepal P103979 $5,000,000 $4,974,979 Energy SAR
Nigeria Pre-paid Health Scheme Pilot in Nigeria P104405 $6,015,160 $4,128,973 Health AFR
Philippines Manila Water Supply P106775 $2,850,000 $2,063,573 Water EAP
Senegal On-Site Sanitation Project P102478 $5,764,000 $5,099,544 Water AFR
Uganda Reproductive Health Vouchers in Western Uganda P104527 $4,300,000 $4,046,688 Health AFR
Uganda OBA in Kampala - Water Connections for the Poor P104943 $2,527,100 $1,509,455 Water AFR
Uganda OBA in Water Supply in Uganda's Small Towns and Rural Growth Centers P102462 $3,207,000 $2,414,031 Water AFR
Vietnam Vietnam Education Project P118797 $3,000,000 $2,896,389 Education EAP
Vietnam Vietnam Rural Water (EMW) P104528 $4,500,000 $4,499,967 Water EAP
Yemen Yemen Safe Motherhood Program P104946 $3,912,190 $3,555,225 Health MNA
Total for Closed Projects $122,621,460 $100,320,212
Projects Under Implementation
Country Project Name Project # Grant Amount Cumulative Disbursements Sector Region
Bangladesh Scale-Up for Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development P154576 $15,000,000 $1,070,825 Energy EAP
Ghana Urban Sanitation Facility for Greater Accra P145139 $4,850,000 $724,113 Sanitation AFR
Kenya Kenya Electricity Expansion Project P125388 $5,150,000 $4,954,424 Energy AFR
Kenya Nairobi Sanitation Project P131512 $4,330,000 $500,000 Sanitation AFR
Kenya Urban Water and Sanitation OBA Fund for Low Income Areas Project P132979 $11,835,000 $1,000,000 Water AFR
Liberia Monrovia Improved Electricity Access Project P110723 $10,000,000 $8,214,094 Energy AFR
Mali Rural Electrification Hybrid System P146287 $5,000,000 $822,108 Energy AFR
Nepal Nepal Solid Waste Management P130461 $4,288,381 $504,569 SWM SAR
Philippines Philippines Reproductive Health P115184 $2,977,530 $1,979,543 Health EAP
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sanitation P111161 $5,080,000 $558,913 Sanitation SAR
Uganda Energy for Rural Transformation Project P120108 $5,500,000 $4,222,610 Energy AFR
Uganda Uganda Reproductive Health Voucher Program II - Scale Up P144102 $13,300,000 $500,000 Health AFR
Vanuatu Improved Electricity Access P133701 $4,850,000 $436,438 Energy EAP
West Bank West Bank Solid Waste Management P132268 $8,256,623 $7,135,051 SWM MNA
Zambia Electricity Access for low income households in Zambia P146636 $4,950,000 $0 Energy AFR
Total for On-going Projects $105,367,534 $32,622,688
Grant Total $227,988,994 $132,942,899

E. Inn-OBA-tions Awards

Table E.1: Inn-oba-tions Awards Winners in FY15

Award Category Project Name Sector Project Summary
Pioneer Award West Bank Solid Waste Mangement Solid Waste Management The Solid Waste Management OBA pilot in the West Bank improves access to solid waste management (SWM) services in the poorer part of Southern West Bank. Al-Minya landfill, the only facility for sanitary treatment and disposal of solid waste in the area, is operated through the first ever public-private partnership (PPP) in the Palestinian Territories, a collaboration among IFC, the World Bank, and GPOBA. The first successful SWM project using OBA, the project is operating in a challenging environment affected by conflict and violence, and has expanded the potential for OBA beyond traditional sectors, partners, and country contexts. Approximately 840,000 citizens of Bethlehem and Hebron governorates are now benefitting from improved SWM services.
Collaboration Award Energy for Rural Transformation Project Energy The Uganda Grid Based OBA Facility: Energy for Rural Transformation II supports improved access to electricity for poor households by subsidizing connection fees in peri-urban and rural areas throughout Uganda. The highly collaborative project is based on a PPP between the government of Uganda (GoU) and service providers, and includes strong collaboration between the GoU and the World Bank/IDA, GPOBA and KfW. To date, the project has reached 75 percent of its target, with 102,000 households connected to electricity supplies.
Social Inclusion/Green Award Moldova Biomass Heating and Energy Conservation Project Energy The Moldova Biomass Heating and Energy Conservation Project is one of the first energy efficiency projects developed by the World Bank Group utilizing the innovative RBF mechanism linked to Green House Gas mitigation. It improves heating services and efficiency of public buildings in poor rural communities, including autonomous minority regions, in Moldova. The project is the first to issue Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) in Moldova, with revenues derived from sales of CERs reinvested in additional energy efficiency improvements. Overcoming technical and regulatory challenges, the project achieved a milestone in 2015: the issuance of 89,500 CERs corresponding to mitigation activities and increasing the flow of revenues to the client.
The Governance Award Indonesia Local Government Decentralization Project Governance The Indonesia Local Government and Decentralization Project improves accountability and reporting in the central governmentÕs Specific Purpose Grants for basic infrastructure: roads, irrigation, water and sanitation. Using output-based disbursements, it supports the effectiveness of grant transfers to local government by ensuring that they deliver expected outputs. Begun as a pilot for 78 local governments, the project has been so successful that the government is scaling up the approach nationwide; by 2018, it will cover about 460 local governments. All project units and functions are already embedded within local government institutions. The strengthening of existing local capacities and country systems promotes sustainability and supports the governmentÕs ability to verify outputs from any future investment projects.

F. GPOBA Team

Table F.1: GPOBA Team in 2015

GPOBA Team
GPOBA
Catherine C. O'Farrell Head
Rajesh Advani Senior Infrastructure Specialist
Inga Afanasieva Infrastructure Specialist
Kavitha M. Arunasalam Voice Secondee (Sri Lanka)
Sylvestre Bea Infrastructure Specialist
Oxana Bricha Senior Program Assistant
Daniel Coila Operations Analyst
Stephanie Eskins-Gleason Learning Specialist
Raluca Golumbeanu Infrastructure Specialist
Saúl E. González Senior Knowledge Management Assistant
Oleh P. Khalayim Monitoring and Evaluation Officer
Hywon Cha Kim Knowledge Management Officer
Charis Lypiridis Infrastructure Specialist
Jessica A. Lopez Operations Officer
Molly McCloskey Communications Specialist
Constance Polite Program Assistant
Juliet Pumpuni Senior Infrastructure Specialist
Anas Shahada Voice Secondee (West Bank and Gaza)
Pia Schneider Lead Evaluation Officer
Zaruhi Tokhmakhyan Senior Infrastructure Specialist
Leslie Villegas Infrastructure Specialist
Dilshod B. Yusupov Knowledge Management Specialist