Solid Waste Management
With rapid population growth and urbanization, municipal waste generation is expected to rise to 2.2 billion tonnes by 2025. One of the major obstacles to improving Solid Waste Management (SWM) in poor countries is the lack of sustainable financing. Households and service providers are caught in a vicious cycle, with municipalities unable to improve services and expand their capacities unless they can increase fee collection rates, while residents are unwilling to pay for inadequate services. OBA can create an incentive-based subsidy approach encouraging service providers to reach underserved low-income communities while improving the ineffective collection of SWM fees and the missed opportunity for managing solid waste sustainably.